Prehistoric Settlement

Where did the monument builders live? Excavations in the Forteviot ceremonial landscape produced negligible evidence of any related human settlement. 3km to the east, around Dunning, we have recovered evidence of domestic life in the form of dwellings, agricultural activities and artefacts, including stone tools and pottery.

At Wellhill we found a series of large pits for rubbish disposal and ritual deposits. The contents included early Neolithic (c. 3500 BC) pots, making this one of the earliest Neolithic settlements in Scotland. Some of the pits cut through plough marks, perhaps the earliest evidence for ploughing in mainland Scotland.

At Leadketty the evidence indicated a large timber roundhouse set within a massive palisaded enclosure, similar to that at Forteviot. This defined the space where people farmed and kept their animals. The complementary roles of these contemporary massive enclosures suggest that they were built by the same people and in use at the same time.

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